The Town And Its Monuments



The Historic Centre


The tour of Cormòns begins from the town centre. This can easily be done on foot, starting from piazza Libertà, where the main streets begin. In the middle of the square, in front of the Church of Santa Caterina (also known as Mystic Rose), there is a bronze statue by the Viennese sculptor Hofmann (1903) of Emperor Maximilian I of Hapsburg (1459-1519). The statue is one of the few monuments in Italy dedicated to a foreign sovereign. From piazza Libertà turn onto via Matteotti to get to the IAT Information Office. Further on you can admire an XVIIIth-century residence with an elaborate façade: Palazzo Del Mestri (private). Next you come to the monumental Piazza XXIV Maggio, recently restructured by the Viennese architect Podrecca. The square is dominated by the XVIIIth-century Palazzo Locatelli, now the Town Hall. Inside there are some frescoes by Picco depicting scenes of everyday life. The Civic Museum is in the gardens, and has a collection of paintings by the local sculptor Alfonso Canciani. On the left corner of Palazzo Locatelli, at the Enoteca, you can taste the best local wines and the famous D`Osualdo smoked ham. Going from piazza XXIV Maggio to via Dante, on the right is Palazzo Taccò-Aita (private), famous for the XVIIIth-century stuccos by Pacassi in the central hall. There are also two large paintings, especially created by the artist Lichtenreit for this hall in 1747. Another typical feature of the historic centre is the Ceuta di Sant'Adalberto; a group of old buildings surrounding and protecting the Cathedral. Going from piazza XXIV Maggio, across the narrow Riva della Torre, you get to Piazzetta Patriarchi and then via Duomo, going through the heart of town with its medieval layout. Nearby, in via Cancelleria Vecchia, you can admire the Neuhaus with its XIVth-century tower. Our tour of Cormòns continues with a visit to the Cathedral and other churches.


The Cathedral


The Cathedral of Cormons is on a hill within the boundaries of the Centa di Sant'Adalberto, in the medieval heart of town. It is dedicated to Saint Adalberto, bishop of Prague. A spectacular stairway leads up to the façade with three flights where there are niches containing three statues in carrara marble. They were made in 1896 by Girolamo Fiaschi and feature, on the left, Saint Adalberto, in the middle a Virgin Enthroned with baby and on the right Saint Filippo Neri. The bell tower is the second highest in the Diocese of Gorizia, after the one in Aquileia. lt has a single nave opening onto three lateral chapels on each side with their own altars. On the left is the one of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, decorated with an altarpiece by the local artist Luigi Castellani, the chapel of Saint Joseph with an Adoration of the shepherds by Pietro Bainville, and the altar of the Holy Trinity adorned with a painting by Giuseppe Tomìnz (1790-1866) of the Holy Trinity with the early martyrs of Aquileia, Ermacora and Fortunato. The other altars are decorated with altar piece picting Saint Filippo Neri in the act of prayer with Saint Antonio Abate and Saint Valentine (1820-21) The baroque high altar is preceded by a stairway flanked by two sculptures of Saint Adalberto and Saint Giacomo Maggiore, below which are the bas-reliefs of Saint Florian in the act oƒ putting out a fire and Saint George killing the dragon. The architrave is adorned with the allegoric figures of Faith and Hope, While the dome is adorned with an Assumption. In the basement there are some mummies from the second half of the XVIIIth century still wearing their original clothes. Next to the Cathedral is the Cjase de Plef Antighe where most of the sacred art in Cormons is conserved.


Other Churches


The Church of Santa Caterina, or Sanctuary of Mystic Rose, is in piazza Libertà. It has two towers with onion domes. The Church of the Santissimo Crocifisso della Subida dates from the late XVIth century when the story goes that some peasants noticed a few drops of blood on a crucifix on this site. The Sanctuary of the Blessed Virgin of Succour overlooks Cormons from the top of Mount Quarin. It was built in 1636. The high altar is in gilded in laid wood, and dates from the early XVIIIth century. The XVth-century Patriarchal Basilica of Saint John is on via Sottomonte. The basilica is within the Centa di San Giovanni, a group of old houses where time seems to have stopped. Inside the church there are some splendid XVIth-century frescoes. On the road to Brazzano is the XIVth-century Church of Santa Maria, or Sant'Apollonia.